- Use simple present for things that are always true or happen regularly.
- Remember the spelling rules for third person singular.
lives, studies, whatchs
Subject (third person sigular number)+ verb in simple present form + s / es + ....
Subject (all other kinds)+ verb in simple present form +....
I know Billy.
He understands it.
Some people do not believe in God.
- The present continuous is used to indicate the ongoing time(now) .
However, the stative verbs do not usually take the form of present continuous even though they refer to the present time.
- Now, continually, at this moment, right now, etc..., are usually signs of a verb to take present continuous tense.
How ever these signs are not necessary all the time for a verb to present continuous (progressive) .
Subject + am / is / are + verb + ing +.....
I am going to the collage field.
He is coming here.
What are you doing?
The present perfect is used when one intends to indicate:
- an action that occurred at a time which is indefinite and has its effect on the subject
- or an action that occurred many times and has the possibility to occur in the present / future
- or an action that began in the past and still going on in the present.
Subject + have / has + verb in the participle form + .....
I've (have) never seen that movie.
He has lived in America for 15 years.
(still going on)
Present perfect continuous
- Present perfect continuous is used to indicate an action that began in the past and is still occurring in the present.
Both present perfect and present perfect continuous can be used to indicate this type of action.
Subject + have / has + been + [verb + ing] + ....
Alex has been studying English for 2 years.
I have been sleeping since 10:00 AM